C++ Learning the Basics: Multiplication of Two-Matrix

This program takes two matrices of order r1*c1 and r2*c2 respectively. Then, the program multiplies these two matrices (if possible) and displays it on the screen.

Note: To multiply two matrices, the number of columns of the first matrix should be equal to the number of rows to the second matrix. This program displays the error until the number of columns of the first matrix is equal to the number of rows of the second matrix.

#include <iostream>
using namespace std;

int main()
{
    int a[10][10], b[10][10], mult[10][10], r1, c1, r2, c2, i, j, k;

    cout << "Enter rows and columns for first matrix: ";
    cin >> r1 >> c1;
    cout << "Enter rows and columns for second matrix: ";
    cin >> r2 >> c2;

    // If column of first matrix in not equal to row of second matrix,
    // ask the user to enter the size of matrix again.
    while (c1!=r2)
    {
        cout << "Error! column of first matrix not equal to row of second.";

        cout << "Enter rows and columns for first matrix: ";
        cin >> r1 >> c1;

        cout << "Enter rows and columns for second matrix: ";
        cin >> r2 >> c2;
    }

    // Storing elements of first matrix.
    cout << endl << "Enter elements of matrix 1:" << endl;
    for(i = 0; i < r1; ++i)
        for(j = 0; j < c1; ++j)
        {
            cout << "Enter element a" << i + 1 << j + 1 << " : ";
            cin >> a[i][j];
        }

    // Storing elements of second matrix.
    cout << endl << "Enter elements of matrix 2:" << endl;
    for(i = 0; i < r2; ++i)
        for(j = 0; j < c2; ++j)
        {
            cout << "Enter element b" << i + 1 << j + 1 << " : ";
            cin >> b[i][j];
        }

    // Initializing elements of matrix mult to 0.
    for(i = 0; i < r1; ++i)
        for(j = 0; j < c2; ++j)
        {
            mult[i][j]=0;
        }

    // Multiplying matrix a and b and storing in array mult.
    for(i = 0; i < r1; ++i)
        for(j = 0; j < c2; ++j)
            for(k = 0; k < c1; ++k)
            {
                mult[i][j] += a[i][k] * b[k][j];
            }

    // Displaying the multiplication of two matrix.
    cout << endl << "Output Matrix: " << endl;
    for(i = 0; i < r1; ++i)
    for(j = 0; j < c2; ++j)
    {
        cout << " " << mult[i][j];
        if(j == c2-1)
            cout << endl;
    }

Check out more codes here.

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